Global Environment Facility Country Support Program

Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
There are 43 Small Island Developing States (SIDS) across the globe - including in the Pacific, Atlantic, Caribbean, Indian Ocean, and Mediterranean regions. A complete list of SIDS may be viewed at SIDSNet or at the Office of the UN High Representative for LDCs, Landlocked countries, and SIDS.

The GEF Country Support Programme (CSP) has developed this page to address the special concerns and interests of SIDS. It aims to provide information, knowledge materials and links to environment and development topics of relevance to SIDS. SIDS representatives are invited to make use of this space by contributing their knowledge and experience and posting relevant materials and announcements here.

Sustainable Development Framework
Small Island Developing States met in Bridgetown Barbados in April-May 1994 to participate in the Global Conference on the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States. They adopted the Barbados Programme of Action (BPoA), as a framework for action on 14 agreed priority areas with recommendations to promote environmental and development planning in SIDS.

A decade after the adoption of the BPoA, the SIDS convened the Mauritus International Meeting (also known as BPoA + 10) in January 2005, to review the commitments made and progress achieved since Barbados. The Mauritus Declaration reaffirms the validity of the BPoA and identifies the commitments and concerns of SIDS in the coming decade.

Mauritius Declaration and Report (Full text)
IISD Coverage and Reports of Mauritius International Meeting
SIDSNet - Sustainable Development Success Stories - Special Issue on SIDS

SIDS Networks and Organizations
Small Island Developing States Network (SIDSNet) is a global network for SIDS developed by the UN Department for Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) which provides information and news on priority themes of the Programme of Action (BPoA) and facilitates communications among SIDS.

Alliance of Small Island Developing States (AOSIS) is a coalition of small island and low-lying coastal countries sharing similar development challenges and concerns about the environment - especially vulnerability to global climate change. It provides a negotiating voice to SIDS within the UN system and has a membership of 43 States and observers.

The UN Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and the Small Island Developing States (UN-OHRLLS) was established by the UN General Assembly in 2001. The Office supports coordinated follow-up to the Programme of Action (BPoA), undertakes advocacy work, and assists in organizing group consultations among SIDS.

The IW-LEARN Caribbean forum - participate in the discussions or read what others have contributed.

SIDS Experiences in the GEF

  • Comoros' experience in using CSP Direct Support Funds (French)
  • Federated States of Micronesia: National GEF coordination experience (English
  • Mauritius: The process of determining national priorities (English / French)
  • Mauritius: National GEF coordination mechanism (English)
  • Seychelles: Integrating GEF in environment & development plans (English / French)
  • Small Grants Programme: Experiences in the Indian Ocean countries (English)
  • Small Grants Programme: Challenges & opportunities in the Caribbean (English / Spanish)
  • Antigua and Barbuda's GEF Coordination (English)
  • The Bahamas' experience with GEF integration and coordination (English)
  • The Bahamas' Country Support Programme (English / French / Spanish)
  • Barbados: Integrating GEF in environment and development plans (English / French / Spanish)
  • Cuba's GEF Coordination (English / French / Spanish)
  • Cuba's GEF Portfolio and Lesson Learned (English / French / Spanish)
  • JamaicaIntegrating GEF in environment and development plans (English / French / Spanish)

    GEF Projects in SIDS

    Global GEF Projects involving SIDS include the following:

    The Global Forum on Oceans Coasts and Islands implements a global GEF Medium Sized Project "Fostering a Global Dialogue on Oceans, Coasts, and Small Island Developing States (SIDS), and on Freshwater-Coastal-Marine Interlinkages"

    IW-Learn implements a GEF Medium Sized Project on "Capacity Building for Small Island Developing States through SIDSNet".
  • Reduction of Environmental Impact from Tropical Shrimp Trawling through the Introduction of By-catch Reduction Technologies and Change of Management, implemented by UNEP and executed by FAO and the governments and private sector of the twelve participating countries and SEAFDEC.

    Selected Project websites:

    Mainstreaming Adaptation to Climate Change regional project in the Caribbean

    Selected Project write-ups or articles (to be added)

    Topics of Interest
    Environmental Vulnerability: A Vulnerability Index for the Natural Environment has been developed by the South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission (SOPAC), UNEP, and their partners. The index is designed to be used with economic and social vulnerability indices to provide insights into the processes that can negatively influence the sustainable development of countries. In addition, UN-DESA is also developing a broader Vulnerability Index for SIDS

    Adaptation: the UNFCCC Expert Meeting on Adaptation for SIDS  is organized under the guidance of the chair of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation to facilitate information exchange and integrated assessments to assist Parties in identifying specific adaptation needs and concerns.

    Climate Change: the UNFCCC published a special report on SIDS in 2005, titled  "Climate Change: Small Island Developing States". Additional Climate Change information relevant to SIDS is also compiled on the SIDSNet Climate Change page as well as its Renewable Energy page.

    Biodiversity: The CBD approved a "Programme of Work on Island Biodiversity" which is of special interest and relevance to SIDS.  Additional Biodiversity information relevant to SIDS is also compiled on the SIDSNet Biodiversity and Coastal and Marine Resources pages.

    Wetlands: The Ramsar Global Convention on Wetlands has produced a special publication for SIDS.  The convention promotes the management of whole water systems, including the inshore areas of coastal environments. It recognises SIDS ecosystems such as "sea-grasses, coral reefs, rocky marine shores, sand, shingle or pebble beaches, estuaries, intertidal mud flats, saltmarshes and mangrove swamps" as wetland areas under its classification system.

    Persistent Organic Pollutants: The POPs Convention has produced an Issues Paper focusing on POPs issues in island countries. The paper is titled "Implementation of the Stockholm Convention in the Pacific Island Countries: Addressing Releases of Unintentional POPs".

    Contacts & Country Information
    Find GEF Constituencies involving SIDS
    Search Contact Info of GEF Focal Points from SIDS
    View Country pages of SIDS

    Links & Resources

    GEF Secretariat:

    "Boost of Environmental Funding for Pacific Ocean Island States" - GEF CEO Speech (June 2007)

    "GEF and Small Island Developing States" - Publication (Jan 2005)

    "STAP Workshop on Small Island Developing States (SIDS), Groundwater and Interlinkages" - GEF Workshop Report (November 2006)

    GEF Implementing and Executing Agencies:

    FAO - SIDS page

    UNDP - Capacity 2015 Programme
    A component of Capacity 2015 focuses on the special needs of SIDS, linking implementation of the MDGs to the Programme of Action.

    UNEP - SIDS page
    Provides information on UNEP's activities in support of the implementation of the Programe of Action.

    UNEP's Global Programme of Action (GPA) for Protection of the Marine Environment from Land Based sources of Pollution also provides specific support to SIDS.

    World Bank - Small States page
    Regional SIDS Organizations: Caribbean Community (Caricom)

    Indian Ocean Commission (IOC)


    Other Agencies working with SIDS:

    UNCTAD - SIDS page

    UN Department of Economic and Social Development (UNDESA) SIDS page

    UNESCAP - SIDS page

    UNESCO - SIDS page

    Provides information on UNESCO's contribution to the implementation of the Mauritius Strategy

    World Heritage Center - SIDS Programme


    Elephant rocks in Seychelles
    Photo - Istockphoto



    Island Wire: SIDS News Sources Provided by SIDSnet